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Asian J Beauty Cosmetol > Accepted Articles

doi: https://doi.org/10.20402/ajbc.2019.0295    [Accepted]
Mediation Effect of Self-Efficacy on the Relationship between Knowledge of and Compliance with Handwashing in Cosmetology Students
Mi-Jeung Ahn1, Sun-Ju Park2
1Department of Nursing, Songho University, Hoengseong-gun Gangwon-do, Korea
2Department of Beauty Business , Yongin University, Yongin-si Gyeonggi-do, Korea
Corresponding author:  Sun-Ju Park ,Tel: +82 31 8020 3694 , Fax: +82 31 8020 3694 , Email: sj7864@hanmail.net
Received: May 31, 2019;  Accepted: June 17, 2019.  Published online: June 26, 2019.
This study aimed to examine the mediation effects of self-efficacy on the knowledge and compliance of hand washing among cosmetology students.
Data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 22.0 program. The general characteristics of the subjects, knowledge regarding hand washing, compliance for hand washing, and self-efficacy were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Differences between the variables as per participant characteristics were analyzed using an independent sample t-test. A three-step regression analysis was conducted to verify the effects of self-efficacy in the relationship between hand-washing knowledge and compliance in cosmetology students.
Cosmetology students who received education regarding hand washing exhibited higher knowledge and compliance for hand washing. Higher knowledge of hand washing and higher self-efficacy were associated with a higher degree of hand washing; self-efficacy was mediated by hand washing.
Self-efficacy mediated the effects of hand washing in students of a cosmetology college. We believe that the provision of education regarding hand washing will increase the efficacy and performance of hand washing in students.
Key words: Mediation effect, Cosmetology student, Hand washing knowledge, Hand washing compliance, Self–efficacy,
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