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Kor J Aesthet Cosmetol > Volume 12(2); 2014 > Article
Kor J Aesthet Cosmetol 2014;12(2): 155-162.
화피의 휘발성 향기성분 조성과 주요성분인 Benzaldehyde의 생리 활성
임도연
Volatile Compounds Analysis of the Extract from Dried Bark of Prunus sargentii and Physiological Activity of the Main Compound, Benzaldehyde
Do-Youn Im
ABSTRACT
In the present study, we investigated the volatile-flavor compounds in barks of Prunus sargentii and physiological activity of benzaldehyde, main compound of the volatiles. The volatile compounds analyses was performed by gas chromatography with mass selective detector after simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE). As a results, yield of SDE extract was 0.0241%, and fourteen compounds were identified. The principal compounds of the volatiles in SDE extract from barks of P. sargentii are benzaldehyde (34.592%), hexanoic acid (22.863%), hexanal (10.736%), anethole (6.958%), (-)-menthol (5.964%), 2-amylfuran (5.368%). Moreover, piperitone, coumarin, benzyl alcohol, ethylacetate, 1-pentanol, methyl hexanoic acid, 2,4-decadienal and α-isomenthone were identified as small and trace compounds. In antibacterial activity by the disc diffusion assay, benzaldehyde showed antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Moreover, benzaldehyde showed dosedependent nitric oxide (NO) production inhibitory effect in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cell. As a result, the volatile-flavor compounds in barks of P. sargentii could be applicable to cosmetic and fragrance industry.
Key words: Prunus sargentii, Volatile compound, GS-MSD, SDE, Benzaldehyde
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